Archimedes was a Greek mathematician, physicist, astronomer and inventor and was born in 287 BC in Syracruse. He is regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians of all times, and is responsible for proving a number of important theorems including the area of a circle, surface area and volume of a sphere, the area of a spiral, amongst many others, and two of his greatest achievements were deriving an accurate approximation of pi and establishing the theorem that bears his name. He is also credited with designing many innovative machines, including the screw pump, compound pulleys and war machines used in his times. One of his most famous quotations is his exclamation of “Eureka” upon discovering the principle of buoyancy, a folklore popular even till today.

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