Ernest Hemingway was an American novelist and short-story writer who began his writing career as a reporter for a Kansas newspaper at the age of seventeen. He then enlisted in the army and served as an ambulance driver in World War I but had to return home after getting seriously wounded. He resumed his career as a journalist and covered many important international events such as the Spanish Civil War, the Normandy landings and the liberation of Paris, amongst others, many of which became the background of his future work. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1952 for his novel “The Old Man and the Sea” and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. His strong, masculine way of writing and his adventurous lifestyle earned him much publicity all his life, but it was tragically shortened by suicide in 1961.