Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei was a late sixteenth-century Italian polymath, astronomer and physicist, often referred to as the “father of observational astronomy”, “father of modern science “and “father of modern physics”. His contributions to science and astronomy include the invention of the thermoscope and various military compasses, the telescopic study of the phases of Venus, of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, and observation of Saturn’s rings as well as the analysis of sunspots, amongst others. His support of the theory of the Earth’s rotation around the sun was opposed by the Catholic Church, and he was placed under house arrest for the rest of his remaining life after he was tried and found guilty by the Inquisition.

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